The name Vikings means Sea Rowers. Vikings come from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. They sailed to England to steal and take slaves.
Viking longships were much better than Saxon keels. They were driven by oars and a big square sail. The longships were steered by a paddle on the steerboard (starboard) side.
A dragon’s head was often carved on the prow.
Alfred the Great
Alfred was an English chief who defeated the Danes and Vikings. He became King of Wessex in the south of England. The Vikings settled down in the north of England.
Vikings place names
By – a village
Thorpe – a few houses
Alfred was a good king
- he started a navy
- he made a proper army
- he made good laws
- he started schools
The story of King Alfred burning the cakes is described by Lucy Worsley here.